On 11 January 2011, at 12.30, a meeting of the members and supporters of the Group of Logic, Language and Information (GLLI) was held in room 20 of Collegium Civitas. It was the first meeting in this calendar year and the 10th successive one, the co-organizer of which was the Opole Branch of the Polish Philosophical Society (PTF).
The special guest was Professor Jan Woleński (of the Jagiellonian University), who delivered a lecture under the title Logic and Cognition.
At the beginning, Prof. Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska, Prof. Janusz Czelakowski and Dr. Grzegorz Francuz (President of the Opole branch of PTF) welcomed the lecturer, the invited guests and students and thanked Prof. J. Woleński for accepting the invitation to give a lecture in Opole. Next, Prof. U. Wybraniec-Skardowska presented the scientific silhouette of the lecturer.
Prof. J. Woleński thanked for the invitation, underlining the significance and importance of organizing interdisciplinary lectures. Making reference to the Lvov-Warsaw School, he stressed the fact that human activities aiming at cognition very tightly depend on logic. Then he discussed logic in a broader sense of the word – as constituted by its three branches (semiotics, formal logic and methodology of sciences), highlighting that it is formal logic that provides a kind of ‘axis’. Discussing the question of cognition, he underlined that one must distinguish the process of cognition and the product of this cognition, that is cognizing and knowledge as the product of this cognition. Certain cognitive concepts relating to deduction as a real cognitive operation were presented, as well as distinguishing logic, i.e. logica docens (logical theory) and logica utens (applied logic). In the context of the latter, logical competence modeled on Noam Chomsky’s idea (of linguistic competence), subjected to effective protection of possessed information resources, was indicated as a specific feature of mankind. Apart from that, the problem of genesis of logic was discussed and different notions of information in the respective context.
The lecture was followed by a vivid discussion, in which references were made to the issues raised in the lecture. Some of the themes discussed by the lecturer were then resumed at the open meeting-seminar of the Opole GLLI, in which Prof. Woleński participated in an active way.
During his visit to Opole University, Prof. J. Woleński gave an interview for the local branch of the Polish Radio in Opole.